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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus TERANCE MARTEZ GAMBLE, Defendant-Appellant.
July 28, 2017, Decided
PLEASE REFER TO FEDERAL RULES OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE RULE 32.1 GOVERNING THE CITATION TO UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama. D.C. Docket No. 1:16-cr-00090-KD-B-1.AFFIRMED.
For UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee: Christopher B. Brinson, Adam W. Overstreet, Kenyen Ray Brown, Michele Carstens O'Brien, U.S. Attorney's Office, MOBILE, AL.
For TERANCE MARTEZ GAMBLE, Defendant - Appellant: Barre Clark Dumas, Dumas & McPhail, LLC, MOBILE, AL.
Before HULL, WILSON, and ANDERSON, Circuit Judges.
Terance Martez Gamble appeals his conviction for possession of a firearm by a convicted felon, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) . Gamble argues that the district court erred by determining that double jeopardy did not prohibit the federal government from prosecuting Gamble for the same conduct for which he had been prosecuted and sentenced for by the State of Alabama.
The Supreme Court has determined that prosecution in federal and state court for the same conduct does not violate the Double Jeopardy Clause because the state and federal governments are separate sovereigns. Abbate v. United States, 359 U.S. 187 , 195 , 79 S. Ct. 666 , 3 L. Ed. 2d 729 (1959). We have followed the precedent set by Abbate in Hayes, stating that unless and until the Supreme Court overturns [*751] Abbate, the double jeopardy claim must fail based on the dual sovereignty doctrine. United States v. Hayes, 589 F.2d 811 , 817-18 (5th Cir. 1979). We have, more recently, stated that "[t]he Double Jeopardy Clause does not prevent different sovereigns (i.e., a state government and the federal government) from punishing a defendant for the same criminal conduct." United States v. Bidwell, 393 F.3d 1206 , 1209 (11th Cir. 2004).
In Sanchez-Valle, the Supreme Court stated that the states were separate sovereigns from the federal government because the States rely on authority originally belonging to them before admission to the Union and preserved to them by the Tenth Amendment . Puerto Rico v. Sánchez Valle, 579 U.S. , , 136 S. Ct. 1863 , 1871 , 195 L. Ed. 2d 179 (2016). It explained that prior to forming the Union, the States possessed separate and independent sources of power and authority, which they continue to draw upon in enacting and enforcing criminal laws. Id . State prosecutions therefore have their most ancient roots in an "inherent sovereignty" unconnected to, and indeed pre-existing, the U.S. Congress. Id . The Supreme Court differentiated Puerto Rico from the States, stating that it was not a sovereign distinct from the United States because it had derived its authority from the U.S. Congress. Id. at 1873-74 . It concluded that the Double Jeopardy Clause bars both Puerto Rico and the United States from prosecuting a single person for the same conduct under equivalent criminal laws. Id. at 1876 .
The district court did not err by determining that double jeopardy [**2] did not prohibit the federal government from prosecuting Gamble for the same conduct for which he had been prosecuted and sentenced for by the State of Alabama, because based on Supreme Court precedent, dual sovereignty allows a state government and the federal government to prosecute an individual for the same crime, when the States rely on authority originally belonging to them before admission to the Union and preserved to them by the Tenth Amendment . Accordingly, we affirm.